Crannogs are a type of ancient loch-dwelling found throughout Scotland and Ireland with one having been discovered in Wales. However, new discoveries are being made all the time.
Most are circular structures that seem to have been built as individual homes to accommodate extended families. Other types of loch settlements are also found in Scandinavian countries and throughout Europe.
The authentic Crannog reconstruction which forms the focal point of the Scottish Crannog Centre was built by the Scottish Trust for Underwater Archaeology (STUA, registered charity number SC018418) that was created to promote the research, recording, preservation and interpretation of Scotland's underwater heritage.
The earliest loch-dwelling in Scotland is some 5,000 years old but people built, modified and re-used Crannogs in Scotland up until the 17th century AD. Throughout their long history Crannogs served as farmers' homesteads, status symbols, refuges in times of trouble, hunting and fishing stations and even holiday residences. Here in Highland Perthshire the prehistoric Crannogs were originally timber-built roundhouses supported on piles or stilts driven into the lochbed.
In more barren environments and in later periods, tons of rock were piled onto the lochbed to make an island on which to build a stone house. Today the Crannogs appear as tree-covered islands or remain hidden as submerged stony mounds. Several hundred have been discovered so far in Scotland although only a few have been investigated.